Geospatial Analysis of Landuse and Landcover Dynamics In Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

Authors(4) :-Fasote Oluwabunmi, Adewoyin Joan, Abayomi Alaga, Alaigba Debora

Remote Sensing and GIS techniques was used to analyse the landuse and landcover dynamics of Ado-Ekiti LGA, the Ekiti State capital, for a period of twenty nine years (29yrs) in this study. Multi-temporal and multi-source satellite imageries of Landsat 1986, 1991, 2002 and 2015 were used. The study employed supervised digital image classification method using ENVI 5.3 software and five landuse and landcover types which include settlement, bare surface, cultivation, forest and water body were detected and captured as polygon. The area in square kilometers of each land use type in each year was calculated and thereafter the change was determined by subtracting the area of the same land use type in 1986 from 2015, the percentage and magnitude of change are therefore calculated. The results obtained shows that the settlement has increased by 47km2 (79%) while cultivation, forest and water body reduced by 45.53km2 (9.98%), 61.7km2 (13.79%) and 0.03Km2 (6.5%) between 1986 and 2015. The statistics also reveals that substantial land use/land cover changes have taken place and that the settlement and baresurface areas have continued to expand over the study period while the forest and farmland have decreased. The study also notes that the expansion of the urban settlement areas has resulted into reduction of the land under agriculture and other natural vegetation, thereby affecting the natural ecosystems habitat quality, which has consequently led to environmental degradation.

Authors and Affiliations

Fasote Oluwabunmi
Cooperative Information Network, National Space Research and Development Agency, Mathematics Building, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria
Adewoyin Joan

Abayomi Alaga

Alaigba Debora

Landuse, Landcover, Remote Sensing, Satellite Imageries, Change Detection.

  1. Arvind, C. Pandy and M. S. Nathawat (2006). Land Use Land Cover Mapping Through Digital Image Processing of Satellite Data – A case study from Panchkula, Ambala and Yamunanagar Districts, Haryana State, India.
  2. Adeniyi, P.O. and Omojola, A. (1999). Landuse landcover change evaluation in Sokoto – Rima Basin of North Western Nigeria based on Archival of the Environment (AARSE) on Geoinformation Technology Applications for Resource and Environmental Management in Africa. Pp 143-172
  3. Briassoulis, H. (2000). Analysis of Land Use Change: Theoretical and Modelling Approaches. The Web Book of Regional Science. www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/ Briassoulis/chapter4(models6).
  4. Cambell, J. B. (2002). Introduction to Remote Sensing. New York, The Guilford Press, A Division of Guildford Publications, Inc. 72 Spring Street, New York NY 10012
  5. Lambin, E.F., Meyfroidt, P. (2011). Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity. PNAS108(9):3465–3472.
  6. Lillesand T. M., R. W. Kiefer, (2000). Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. New York:John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  7. Macleod & Congalton. (1998). A Quantitative Comparison of Change Detection Algorithms for Monitoring Eelgrass from Remotely Sensed Data. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing. Vol. 64. No. 3. p. 207-216.
  8. Musaoglu N. Kaya, S. Seker, D.Z. and Goksel, C. (2002). A case study of using Remote Sensing Data and GIS for Land Management. Catalca Region. FLG XXII
  9. Meyer, W.B. (1995). Past and Present Land-use and Land-cover in the U.S.A.Consequences. 24-33.
  10. Moshen, A. (1999). Environmental Land Use Change Detection and Assessment Using with Multi – temporal Satellite Imagery. Zanjan University.
  11. Olorunfemi, J. F. (1983). Monitoring Urban Land – Use in Developed Countries –An aerial photographic approach, Environmental Int.9, 27 – 32.
  12. Oyinloye, M.A. (2010). Spatial Analysis of Urban Growth in Akure, Nigeria. PhD. Thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure.
  13. Riebsame, W. E., W. B. Meyer, B. L. Turner, (1994). Modeling Land-Use and Cover as Part of Global Environmental Change. Climate Change. 28, 45.
  14. Singh, A. (1989). Digital Change Detection Techniques Using Remotely SensedData. International Journal of Remote Sensing. Vol. 10, No. 6, p. 989-1003.
  15. Zhi-Yong Yini Dona, J.S., Stevan, B and Jared, T.M. (2005): Changes in Urban built-up surface and population Distribution Patters during 1986-1999. A case study of Cairo, Egypt. Computer, Environment and Urban Systems 29 (2005); 595-616.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 2 | September-October 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 149-157
Manuscript Number : CSEIT161220
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Fasote Oluwabunmi, Adewoyin Joan, Abayomi Alaga, Alaigba Debora, "Geospatial Analysis of Landuse and Landcover Dynamics In Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.149-157, September-October.2016
URL : http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT161220

Follow Us

Contact Us