Assessment of Groundwater Recharge Potential in the Northern Parts of Auchi and Environs, Edo State, Nigeria, Using Geospatial Techniques

Authors(5) :-Benibo Tekena, Abayomi Alaga, Henry U. Okeke, Ebikare I. Benibo, Kappo Ayorinde

Groundwater accounts for about 30% of earth’s freshwater, the demand for this natural resource is increasing due to rapid industrialization and population growth,  leading to its scarcity in some regions, Auchi is an area experiencing groundwater stress, were water table depth decreases rapidly and boreholes have to be drilled to great depths to get this scarce resource. The replenishment of this resource to a groundwater flow system is groundwater recharge.

 

The study aims to delineate groundwater recharge potential zones of the northern part of Edo state comprising of Auchi and sorrounding communities, utilizing remote sensing, geospatial techniques and weighted index overlay analysis model. Six multi-influencing factors of lithology, soil cover, lineament density, drainage density, land use and land cover and slope were all generated from Landsat ETM, topographic map and shuttle radar topographic mission (SRTM) data, producing the various thematic layers. The multi-layers were then reclassed and weighed according to their varying influence to groundwater recharge.

 

The resultant groundwater recharge potential map revealed that majority of the study area, comprised partly of the hilly terrain of the north eastern and north western part and the gentle slope regions had moderate recharge, while parts of the south eastern and south western part of Auchi had low groundwater recharge. This research could serve as a base line study for future groundwater studies  in the area.

Authors and Affiliations

Benibo Tekena
Cooperative Information Network, National Space Research and Development Agency, O.A.U, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Abayomi Alaga

Henry U. Okeke

Ebikare I. Benibo

Kappo Ayorinde

Groundwater Recharge, Remote Sensing, Weighted overlay, Geospatial.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 2 | September-October 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 58-64
Manuscript Number : CSEIT16128
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Benibo Tekena, Abayomi Alaga, Henry U. Okeke, Ebikare I. Benibo, Kappo Ayorinde, "Assessment of Groundwater Recharge Potential in the Northern Parts of Auchi and Environs, Edo State, Nigeria, Using Geospatial Techniques", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.58-64, September-October.2016
URL : http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT16128

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