Numerical modeling for thermal management of fuel cell by using Al2O3, SiC and CuO water based nanofluids

Authors(1) :-Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund

Fuel cell thermal control is very much vital for its smooth and effective performance. The current investigation relates to a fuel cell which is encapsulated in a horizontal duct open at both the ends. The nanofluid as coolant is allowed to pass through the annular region between the fuel cell and duct. Three different water based nanofluids, namely Water-Al2O3, Water-SiC and Water-CuO, are considered as coolants in the present investigations. The numerical studies are carried out to obtain the heat transfer behavior of encapsulated fuel cell for maintaining its temperature within the safe limit. For that, a 2D numerical model is being developed. The continuity, momentum and energy equations are solved to predict the thermal behavior. The simulations are performed to predict the temperature fields and temperature contours. The trends of results are along the expected lines. Simulation results predicted with three different water based nanofluids are analyzed and compared for realizing the relative importance of the stated nanofluids. The model parameters considered are fuel cell heat flux of 10 W/cm2 and nanofluid velocity of 9 m/s at duct inlet. The Water-SiC is found as the nanofluid rendering very much ideal fuel cell application without any kind of thermal letdown.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund
Associate Professor, Department of Production Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, India

Fuel Cell, Cooling, Simulation, Nanofluids, Water-Al2O3, Water-SiC, Water-CuO

  1. Xuan Y, Roetzel W. Conceptions for heat transfer correlation of nanofluids. Int J Heat Mass Transfer 2000; vol 43:3701-7.
  2. S. Litster, G. McLean, PEM fuel cell electrodes, Journal of Power Sources 130 (2004) 61-76.
  3. Min CH, He YL, Liu XL, Yin BH, Jiang W, Tao WQ. Parameter sensitivity examination and discussion of PEM fuel cell simulation model validation part II: results of sensitivity analysis and validation of the model. J Power Sources 2006; vol 160:374-85.
  4. Xuan Cheng, Zheng Shi, Nancy Glass, Lu Zhang, Jiujun Zhang, Datong  Song, Zhong-Sheng Liu, Haijiang Wang, Jun Shen, A review of PEM hydrogen fuel cell contamination: Impacts, mechanisms, and mitigation, Journal of Power Sources 165 (2007) 739-756.
  5. Chaitanya J. Bapat, Stefan T. Thynell, Anisotropic Heat Conduction Effects in Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Journal of Heat Transfer, September 2007, Vol. 129 / 1109.
  6. Nguyen CT, Roy G, Gauthier C, Galanis N. Heat transfer enhancement using Al2O3 water nanofluid for an electronic liquid cooling system. Appl Therm Eng 2007; vol 27:1501-6.
  7. Sangseok Yu, Dohoy Jung, Thermal management strategy for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell system with a large active cell area, Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 2540- 2548.
  8. Jong-Woo Ahn, Song-Yul Choe, Coolant controls of a PEM fuel cell system, Journal of Power Sources 179 (2008) 252-264.
  9. Zhang G, Kandlikar SG. A critical review of cooling techniques in proton exchange membrane fuel cell stacks. Int J Hydrogen Energy 2012;37: 2412-29.
  10. W. A. N. W. Mohamed and R. Atan, Analysis of Excessive Heating on the Thermal and Electrical Resistance of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME) ISSN: 2229-8648 (Print); ISSN: 2180-1606 (Online); Volume 5, pp. 648-659, January-June 2012.
  11. Keshavarz Moraveji M, Mohammadi Ardehali R, Ijam A. CFD investigation of nanofluid effects (cooling performance and pressure drop) in mini-channel heat sink. Int Commun Heat Mass Transfer 2013; vol 40:58-66.
  12. Houchang Pei, Jun Shen, Yonghua Cai, Zhengkai Tu, Zhongmin Wan, Zhichun Liu, Wei Liu, Operation characteristics of air-cooled proton exchange membrane fuel cell stacks under ambient pressure, Applied Thermal Engineering 63 (2014) 227-233

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 5 | September-October 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-10-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 888-894
Manuscript Number : CSEIT1725183
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund, "Numerical modeling for thermal management of fuel cell by using Al2O3, SiC and CuO water based nanofluids", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp.888-894, September-October-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT1725183

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us