Numerical modeling for thermal management of fuel cell by using Al2O3, SiC and CuO water based nanofluids

Authors(1) :-Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund

Fuel cell thermal control is very much vital for its smooth and effective performance. The current investigation relates to a fuel cell which is encapsulated in a horizontal duct open at both the ends. The nanofluid as coolant is allowed to pass through the annular region between the fuel cell and duct. Three different water based nanofluids, namely Water-Al2O3, Water-SiC and Water-CuO, are considered as coolants in the present investigations. The numerical studies are carried out to obtain the heat transfer behavior of encapsulated fuel cell for maintaining its temperature within the safe limit. For that, a 2D numerical model is being developed. The continuity, momentum and energy equations are solved to predict the thermal behavior. The simulations are performed to predict the temperature fields and temperature contours. The trends of results are along the expected lines. Simulation results predicted with three different water based nanofluids are analyzed and compared for realizing the relative importance of the stated nanofluids. The model parameters considered are fuel cell heat flux of 10 W/cm2 and nanofluid velocity of 9 m/s at duct inlet. The Water-SiC is found as the nanofluid rendering very much ideal fuel cell application without any kind of thermal letdown.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund
Associate Professor, Department of Production Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla, India

Fuel Cell, Cooling, Simulation, Nanofluids, Water-Al2O3, Water-SiC, Water-CuO

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 5 | September-October 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-10-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 888-894
Manuscript Number : CSEIT1725183
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund, "Numerical modeling for thermal management of fuel cell by using Al2O3, SiC and CuO water based nanofluids", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp.888-894, September-October-2017.
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