Infrastructure Aspects for Smart Cities

Authors(1) :-Gurmeet Kaur

Information Technology is changing the evolution of cities. The notion of “growing” cities based on implementing correct urban planning is being replaced with the idea of making a city “smart”. ICT is key driver of smart city initiatives and improving quality of life in urban areas. To do all this an intelligent infrastructure is required which work together to collect multi-source, contextual data, and to carry out integrated functions. These capabilities lead to intelligent infrastructure which should be more cost-effective than its traditional counterparts, as well as significantly more adaptable and useful. This paper describes the various important component of infrastructure to make useful and successful smart city concept.

Authors and Affiliations

Gurmeet Kaur
Assistant Professor in Computer Sciences Dyal Singh College Karnal, Haryana, India

ICT, Smart Cities, IT Infrastructure, M2M Communications, IoT, HVAC System

  1. Lohr, S. "The Internet Gets Physical." The New York Times, December 17, 2011.
  2. Wasik, B. "In the Programmable World, All Our Objects Will Act as One." Wired, May 14, 2013.
  3. Smarr, L. "An Evolution Toward a Programmable Universe." The New York Times, December 5, 2011.
  4. Smart Cities Council. n.d. http://smartcitiescouncil.com/.
  5. Wang, N., Zhang, N., & Wang, M. "Wireless Sensors in Agriculture and Food Industry - Recent Development and Future Perspective.” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, January 2006. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168169905001572.
  6. Curran, J. "Notice of Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) Address Depletion." ARIN: American Registry for Internet Numbers. April 15, 2009. https://www.arin.net/knowledge/about_resources/ceo_letter.pdf.
  7. Wood, L. "Today, the Internet - tomorrow, the Internet of Things?" Computerworld, November 9, 2011.
  8. Oracle. "Database Architecture: Federated vs. Clustered." 2002. http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/windows/clustercomp-134873.pdf.
  9. University of Toronto. Intelligent Infrastructure. n.d. http://www.civ.toronto.edu/intinf/default.htm.
  10. Evans, D. "The Internet of Things: How the Next Evolution of the Internet is Changing Everything." White Paper, 2011. http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/innov/IoT_IBSG_0411FINAL.pdf
  11. Ericsson. "More than 50 Billion Connected Devices." White Paper, 2011. http://www.ericsson.com/res/docs/whitepapers/wp-50-billions.pdf.
  12. Manyika, J., Chui, M., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Bisson, P., and Marrs, A. Disruptive Technologies: Advances that will Transform Life, Business, and the Global Economy. Report, McKinsey Global Institute, 2013. http://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/dotcom/Insights%20and%20pubs/MGI/Research/Technology%20and%20Innovation/Disruptive%20technologies/MGI_Disruptive_technologies_Full_report_May2013.ashx
  13. Vanderbilt, T. (2009). Chapter Four – Why Ants Don’t Get into Traffic Jams (and Humans Do): On cooperation as a Cure for congestion. In Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What it Says About Us). Vintage, 2009.
  14. Stross, R. "The Learning Curve of Smart Parking." The New York Times, December 22, 2012.
  15. Gridaptive Technologies. "Smart Cities: Intelligent Transportation and Smart Grid Standards for Electrical and Lighting Management Systems." White Paper, 2012. http://www.gridaptive.com/whitepapers/Smart_Cities_Intelligent_Transportation_and_Smart_Grid-Standards_for_Electrical_and_Lighting_Management_Systems_.pdf.
  16. Stott, R. "Without Architects, Smart Cities Just Aren't Smart." ArchDaily, April 2, 2013. http://www.archdaily.com/353281/without-architects-smart-cities-just-aren-t-smart/.
  17. van Rijmenam, M. "The Los Angeles Police Department Predicts and Fights Crime with Big Data." Big Data-Startups.April 23, 2014.http://www.bigdata-startups.com/BigData-startup/los-angeles-police-department-predicts-fights-crime-big-data/.
  18. http://www.macworld.co.uk/feature/apple/what-is-homekit-how-apple-iphones-automate-ourhomes-3522416/
  19. http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/innov/IoE.pdf
  20. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/07/08/us-tech-connectivity-idUSKBN0FD09920140708
  21. www.kickstarter.com
  22. Chourabi, H., Nam, T., Walker, S., Gil-Garcia, J. R., Mellouli, S., Nahon, K., et al. (2012).
  23. Understanding Smart Cities: An Integrative Framework. The 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, (pp. 2289 - 2297).
  24. Bakici, T., Almirall, E., & Wareham, J. (2013). A Smart City Initiative: The Case of Barcelona. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 4(2), 135-148.
  25. Harrison, C., Eckman, B., Hamilton, R., Hartswick, P., Kalagnanam, J., Paraszczak, J., et al. (2010). Foundations for Smarter Cities. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 54(4).
  26. Schaffers, H., Komninos, N., Pallot, M., Trousse, B., Nilsson, M., & Oliveira, A. (2011). Smart Cities and the Future Internet: Towards Cooperation Frameworks for Open Innovation. In F. I. Promises, J. Domingue, A. Galis, A. Gavras, T. Zahariadis, D. Lambert, F. Cleary, et al. (Eds.), Future Internet Assembly (pp. 431–446).
  27. Komninos, N. (2006). The architecture of intelligent clities: Integrating human, collective and artificial intelligence to enhance knowledge and innovation. The 2nd IET International Conference on Intelligent Environments. 1, pp. 13-20. Athens, Greece: IEEE.
  28. Komninos, N., Pallot, M., & Schaffers, H. (2013). Special Issue on Smart Cities and the Future Internet in Europe. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 4(2), 119-134.
  29. Government of Canada. (2010, July 13). Building Digital Skills for Tomorrow. Retrieved December 17, 2013, from Industry Canada: http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/028.nsf/eng/00041.html#challenges
  30. Taylor, R. D., & Schejter, A. M. (Eds.). (2013). European Broadband Spending: Implications of
  31. Input-Output Analysis and Opportunity Costs. New York: Fordham University Press. The Independent Commission on Good Governance in Public Services. (2004).

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-02-28
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 604-612
Manuscript Number : CSEIT183187
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Gurmeet Kaur, "Infrastructure Aspects for Smart Cities", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.604-612, January-February-2018.
Journal URL : http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT183187

Article Preview