A Need to Modify the Method of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Risk Management

Authors(2) :-Nina Fadilah Najwa, Apol Pribadi Subriadi

The proper using of FMEA method is proven to reduce the cycle of warranty costs and will certainly cost less to prevent than to fix the problems that have already occurred. FMEA also was suitable for assessing risk in information technology or systems aspect. Several studies criticized the FMEA limitation or weakness of using this method. The purpose of this paper is to provide a resume and critical analysis of previous research that discussed the development and limitation of FMEA. A systematic literature review methodology was conducted in order to review FMEA. As a result, 32 papers were obtained in the selection stage according to the criteria used and review based on quality content. Data collection and identification stage was carried out by the selected papers for further analysis and synthesis. The limitation FMEA was due to the subjectivity and caused inconsistent results. This paper provided the critical analysis about the point of weakness FMEA based on document FMEA, and also limitation FMEA based on risk management process. There were eight research questions that could be considered from the results. By conducting a literature review of the development and trending of FMEA research, it provided new research opportunities to proved the FMEA issues reviewed in this paper.

Authors and Affiliations

Nina Fadilah Najwa
Department of Information Systems, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
Apol Pribadi Subriadi
Department of Information Systems, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

FMEA, Subjectivity, Inconsistent, Risk Management, Critical Analysis.

  1. Sidorova, Evangelopoulos, Valacich, and Ramakrishnan, “Uncovering the Intellectual Core of the Information Systems Discipline,” MIS Q., vol. 32, no. 3, p. 467, 2008.
  2. X. Zhao and X. Bai, “The application of FMEA method in the risk management of medical device during the lifecycle,” 2010 2nd Int. Conf. E-bus. Inf. Syst. Secur. EBISS2010, pp. 455–458, 2010.
  3. M. Kakvan, M. A. Mohyeddin, and H. Gharaee, “Risk evaluation of IT service providers using FMEA model in combination with Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Models and ITIL framework,” 2014 7th Int. Symp. Telecommun. IST 2014, pp. 873–878, 2014.
  4. J. F. van Leeuwen et al., “Risk analysis by FMEA as an element of analytical validation,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1085–1087, 2009.
  5. S. Gary Teng, S. M. Ho, D. Shumar, and P. C. Liu, “Implementing FMEA in a collaborative supply chain environment,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 179–196, 2006.
  6. R. E. McDermott, R. J. Mikulak, and M. R. Beauregard, The Basic of FMEA, 2nd ed. New York: Taylor & Francis Group, 2009.
  7. C. S. Carlson, “Understanding and Applying the Fundamentals of FMEAs,” 2014 Annu. Reliab. Maintainab. Symp., p. 12, 2014.
  8. N. Xiao, H. Z. Huang, Y. Li, L. He, and T. Jin, “Multiple failure modes analysis and weighted risk priority number evaluation in FMEA,” Eng. Fail. Anal., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1162–1170, 2011.
  9. C. Estorilio and R. K. Posso, “The reduction of irregularities in the use of ‘process FMEA,’” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 721–733, 2010.
  10. D. M. Barends, M. T. Oldenhof, M. J. Vredenbregt, and M. J. Nauta, “Risk analysis of analytical validations by probabilistic modification of FMEA,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., vol. 64–65, pp. 82–86, 2012.
  11. M. T. Oldenhof et al., “Consistency of FMEA used in the validation of analytical procedures,” J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 592–595, 2011.
  12. T. Simister, “Risk Management: The Need to Set Standards,” Balanc. Sheet, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 2–4, 2000.
  13. A. Ahmed, B. Kayis, and S. Amornsawadwatana, “A review of techniques for risk management in projects,” Benchmarking An Int. J., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 22–36, 2008.
  14. K. Alexander, “Facilities Risk Management,” Facilities, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 14–18, 1992.
  15. J. Emblemsvag, “The Augmented Subjective Risk Management Process,” Manag. Decis., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 248–1747, 2010.
  16. A. P. Subriadi, D. Hadiwidjojo, Djumahir, M. Rahayu, and R. Sarno, “Firm age, Firm Size and Information Technology intencity industry factors in influencing Information Technology contribution to improve performance,” J. Theor. Appl. Inf. Technol., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 126–136, 2013.
  17. A. P. Subriadi, D. Hadiwidjojo, Djumahir, M. Rahayu, and R. Sarno, “Information technology productivity paradox: A resource-based view and information technology strategic alignment perspective for measuring information technology contribution on performance,” J. Theor. Appl. Inf. Technol., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 541–552, 2013
  18. M. Spremic and P. D, “Emerging issues in IT Governance?: implementing the corporate IT risks management model,” Wseas Trans. Syst., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 219–228, 2008.
  19. G. Stoneburner, A. Goguen, and A. Feringa, “Risk Management Guide for Information Technology Systems Recommendations of the National Institute of Standards and Technology,” Nist Spec. Publ. 800, vol. 30, no. July, 2002.
  20. M. E. Whitman and H. J. Mattord, “Principles of information security,” Course Technol., pp. 1–617, 2012.
  21. K. Claxton and N. M. Campbell-Allen, “Failure modes effects analysis (FMEA) for review of a diagnostic genetic laboratory process.,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 265–277, 2017.
  22. L. S. Lipol and J. Haq, “Risk analysis method?: FMEA / FMECA in the organizations.,” Int. J. Basic Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 5–74, 2011.
  23. R. K. Sharma and P. Sharma, “System failure behavior and maintenance decision making using, RCA, FMEA and FM,” J. Qual. Maint. Eng., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 64–88, 2010.
  24. B. Kitchenham, Procedures for performing systematic reviews. Keele, UK: Keele University, 2004.
  25. I. Cameron et al., “Process hazard analysis, hazard identification and scenario definition: Are the conventional tools sufficient, or should and can we do much better?,” Process Saf. Environ. Prot., vol. 110, pp. 53–70, 2017.
  26. L. K. H. Lai and K. S. Chin, “Development of a Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Based Risk Assessment Tool for Information Security,” Ind. Eng. Manag. Syst., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 87–100, 2014.
  27. M. M. Silva, A. P. H. De Gusmão, T. Poleto, L. C. E. Silva, and A. P. C. S. Costa, “A multidimensional approach to information security risk management using FMEA and fuzzy theory,” Int. J. Inf. Manage., vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 733–740, 2014.
  28. C. M. Thurnes, F. Zeihsel, S. Visnepolschi, and F. Hallfell, “Using TRIZ to invent failures - Concept and application to go beyond traditional FMEA,” Procedia Eng., vol. 131, pp. 426–450, 2015.
  29. M. Banghart, “Utilizing Confidence Bounds in Failure Mode Effects Analysis ( FMEA ) Hazard Risk Assessment,” 2014.
  30. R. N. Sankar and B. S. Prabhu, “Modified approach for prioritization of failures in a system failure mode and effects analysis,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 324–336, 2001.
  31. A. Sutrisno, I. Gunawan, I. Vanany, and H. A. Khorshidhi, “A maintenance waste risk appraisal model based on modified failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA),” 2016 IEEE Int. Conf. Ind. Eng. Eng. Manag., pp. 1422–1425, 2016.
  32. F. Mason-Blakley and R. Habibi, “Prospective Hazard Analysis for Information System,” Healthc. Informatics (ICHI), 2014 IEEE Int. Conf., pp. 256–265, 2014.
  33. L. Y. Zheng, K. S. Chin, and L. Wei, “Knowledge-Enriched Process FMEA Model For Process Planning,” Asian J. Qual., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 12–27, 2013.
  34. P. Jacob, “Failure analysis and reliability on system level,” Microelectron. Reliab., vol. 55, no. 9–10, pp. 2154–2158, 2015.
  35. R. Sawhney, K. Subburaman, C. Sonntag, P. Rao Venkateswara Rao, and C. Capizzi, “A modified FMEA approach to enhance reliability of lean systems,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 832–855, 2010.
  36. K. Jain, “use of Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) to Improve Medication Management Process,” Int. J. Health Care Qual. Assur., vol. 30, no. 2, 2017.
  37. D. C. de Aguiar, V. A. P. Salomon, and C. H. P. Mello, “An ISO 9001 based approach for the implementation of process FMEA in the Brazilian automotive industry,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 589–602, 2015.
  38. F. Lolli et al., “A revised FMEA with application to a blow moulding process,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 900–919, 2016.
  39. D. Chang, “Applying DEA to enhance assessment capability of FMEA,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 629–643, 2009.
  40. P. Chemweno, L. Pintelon, A. Van Horenbeek, and P. Muchiri, “Development of a risk assessment selection methodology for asset maintenance decision making: An analytic network process (ANP) approach,” Int. J. Prod. Econ., vol. 170, pp. 663–676, 2015.
  41. H. Liu, “Improving risk evaluation in FMEA with a hybrid multiple criteria decision making method,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 763–782, 2015.
  42. M. Murphy, G. Heaney, and S. Perera, “A methodology for evaluating construction innovation constraints through project stakeholder competencies and FMEA,” Constr. Innov., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 416–440, 2011.
  43. N. Sellappan, D. Nagarajan, and K. Palanikumar, “Evaluation of risk priority number (RPN) in design failure modes and effects analysis (DFMEA) using factor analysis,” Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res., vol. 10, no. 14, pp. 34194–34198, 2015.
  44. K. Batbayar, M. Takács, and M. Kozlovszky, “Medical device software risk assessment using FMEA and fuzzy linguistic approach?: case study,” Int. Sysmposium Appl. Comput. Intell. Informatics, 12-14 May 2016. Rimisoara, Rom., pp. 197–202, 2016.
  45. A. Shahin, “Integration of FMEA and the Kano model,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 731–746, 2004.
  46. C. Paciarotti, G. Mazzuto, and D. D’Ettorre, “A revised FMEA application to the quality control management,” Int. J. Qual. Reliab. Manag., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 788–810, 2014.
  47. H. Liu, L. Liu, and N. Liu, “Expert Systems with Applications Risk evaluation approaches in failure mode and effects analysis?: A literature review,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 828–838, 2013.
  48. A. P. Subriadi, Sholiq, and P. A. Ningrum, “Critical review of the effort rate value in use case point method for estimating software development effort,” J. Theroretical Appl. Inf. Technol., vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 735–744, 2014.
  49. N. Ningsi and A. P. Subriadi, “Mapping Portfolio IT Investment by Perception Level Management and IT investments toward Organization Performance ( Case study?: BPR Mustika Utama Kolaka Southeast Sulawesi ),” 2nd Int. Semin. Sci. Technol., 2016.
  50. N. F. Najwa, M. A. Furqon, and F. Mahananto, “Literature Review on Extended Use case in Modeling Non- functional Requirement,” Int. J. Sci. Res. Comput. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1832–1844, 2018.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 6 | July-August 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-07-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 143-158
Manuscript Number : CSEIT183618
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Nina Fadilah Najwa, Apol Pribadi Subriadi, "A Need to Modify the Method of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Risk Management ", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.143-158, July-August-2018.
Journal URL : http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT183618

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us