Blockchain and its Role in the Internet of Things (IoT)

Authors(1) :-Tanweer Alam

Blockchain (BC) in the Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel technology that acts with decentralized, distributed, public and real-time ledger to store transactions among IoT nodes. A blockchain is a series of blocks, each block is linked to its previous blocks. Every block has the cryptographic hash code, previous block hash, and its data. The transactions in BC are the basic units that are used to transfer data between IoT nodes. The IoT nodes are different kind of physical but smart devices with embedded sensors, actuators, programs and able to communicate with other IoT nodes. The role of BC in IoT is to provide a procedure to process secured records of data through IoT nodes. BC is a secured technology that can be used publicly and openly. IoT requires this kind of technology to allow secure communication among IoT nodes in heterogeneous environment. The transactions in BC could be traced and explored through anyone who are authenticated to communicate within the IoT. The BC in IoT may help to improve the communication security. In this paper, I explored this approach, its opportunities and challenges.

Authors and Affiliations

Tanweer Alam
Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computer and Information Systems, Islamic University of Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT), Cryptography, Security, Communication.

  1. Reyna, Ana, et al. "On blockchain and its integration with IoT. Challenges and opportunities." Future Generation Computer Systems (2018). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2018.05.046
  2. Zheng, Zibin, et al. "Blockchain challenges and opportunities: A survey." International Journal of Web and Grid Services 14.4 (2018): 352-375. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJWGS.2018.095647
  3. Haber, Stuart, and W. Scott Stornetta. "How to time-stamp a digital document." Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1990.
  4. Nakamoto, Satoshi. "Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system." (2008).
  5. Alphand, Olivier, et al. "IoTChain: A blockchain security architecture for the Internet of Things." Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2018 IEEE. IEEE, 2018.
  6. Alam T, Benaida M. The Role of Cloud-MANET Framework in the Internet of Things (IoT). International Journal of Online Engineering (iJOE). 2018;14(12):97-111. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v14i12.8338
  7. Alam T, Benaida M. CICS: Cloud–Internet Communication Security Framework for the Internet of Smart Devices. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM). 2018 Nov 1;12(6):74-84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v12i6.6776
  8. Alam, Tanweer. "Middleware Implementation in Cloud-MANET Mobility Model for Internet of Smart Devices", International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 17(5), 2017. Pp. 86-94
  9. Tanweer Alam, "A Reliable Communication Framework and Its Use in Internet of Things (IoT)", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.450-456, May-June.2018 URL: http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT1835111
  10. Alam, Tanweer. (2018) "A reliable framework for communication in internet of smart devices using IEEE 802.15.4." ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 13(10), 3378-3387
  11. Alam, Tanweer, Arun Pratap Srivastava, Sandeep Gupta, and Raj Gaurang Tiwari. "Scanning the Node Using Modified Column Mobility Model." Computer Vision and Information Technology: Advances and Applications 455 (2010).
  12. Alam, Tanweer, Parveen Kumar, and Prabhakar Singh. "SEARCHING MOBILE NODES USING MODIFIED COLUMN MOBILITY MODEL.", International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, (2014).
  13. Alam, Tanweer, and B. K. Sharma. "A New Optimistic Mobility Model for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks." International Journal of Computer Applications 8.3 (2010): 1-4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5120/1196-1687
  14. Singh, Parbhakar, Parveen Kumar, and Tanweer Alam. "Generating Different Mobility Scenarios in Ad Hoc Networks.", International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Technology, 4(2), 2014
  15. Sharma, Abhilash, Tanweer Alam, and Dimpi Srivastava. "Ad Hoc Network Architecture Based on Mobile Ipv6 Development." Advances in Computer Vision and Information Technology (2008): 224.
  16. Alam, Tanweer. "Fuzzy control based mobility framework for evaluating mobility models in MANET of smart devices." ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 12, no. 15 (2017): 4526-4538.
  17. Conoscenti, Marco, Antonio Vetro, and Juan Carlos De Martin. "Blockchain for the Internet of Things: A systematic literature review." Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA), 2016 IEEE/ACS 13th International Conference of. IEEE, 2016.
  18. Gubbi, Jayavardhana, et al. "Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions." Future generation computer systems 29.7 (2013): 1645-1660. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2013.01.010
  19. https://www.iota.org
  20. https://iotify.org
  21. https://iex.ec/overview
  22. https://xage.com
  23. https://www.i-scoop.eu/blockchain-distributed-ledger-technology/blockchain-iot
  24. https://www.statista.com/statistics/647523/worldwide-bitcoin-blockchain-size

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 5 | Issue 1 | January-February 2019
Date of Publication : 2019-01-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 151-157
Manuscript Number : CSEIT195137
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Tanweer Alam, "Blockchain and its Role in the Internet of Things (IoT)", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.151-157, January-February-2019. Available at doi : https://doi.org/10.32628/CSEIT195137
Journal URL : http://ijsrcseit.com/CSEIT195137

Article Preview

Follow Us

Contact Us