Mathematical Models in Mechanical and Biomedical Tribology with Computational Simulations/Optimization Methods

Authors(2) :-Francisco Casesnoves, Andrei Surzhenkov

Surface damage, wear, corrosion, and erosion-corrosion in bioengineering artificial implants, interior, exterior, or partlially-interior/exterior biomedical devices causes significant operational bioengineering/biomechanical difficulties—the same phenomena that occurs classically in a large number of mechanical systems/machinery. Additionally, this kind of deterioration could also involve prostheses, temporary prostheses or orthopaedic supplies, surgical permanent devices, and even surgery theatre tools, causing a series of important associated functional difficulties. This usually happens during surgery and the post-operation stage. The consequences of this industrial-biomedical design complexity are extent, from re-operation, failure of medical devices, or post-surgical discomfort/pain to complete malfunction of the device or prostheses. In addition to all these hurdles, there are economic loss and waste of operation-surgical time, re-operations and manoeuvres carried out in modifications or repair. The wear is caused mainly by solid surfaces in contact, with important participation of the lubrication physiological/artificial conditions. Corrosion of protective coatings also constitute a number of significant mechanical and bioengineering difficulties. Mathematical modelling through optimization methods, initially mostly developed for industrial mechanical systems, overcome these engineering/bioengineering complications/difficulties, and reduce the experimental/tribotesting period in the rather expensive manufacturing process. In this contribution we provide a brief review of the current classified wear, erosion and/or corrosion mathematical models in developed for general mechanics, and based on our recent modelling international publications in tribology, as a introductory research. Subsequently the aim focus on specific tribology for biomedical applications and, additionally, a brief of optimization methods for precise modelling of given appliances with computational series, programming presentation, and numerical-software practical recipes. Results comprise an initial review of tribological/wear/erosion/corrosion models with further simulations, computational nonlinear optimization programming and graphical data/examples both in mechanical and biomechanical engineering. 3D computational imaging series are sharply shown with extent explanations.

Authors and Affiliations

Francisco Casesnoves
Computational-Engineering Researcher,Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Tallinn University of Technology, IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Individual Researcher Member, Tallinn, Estonia
Andrei Surzhenkov
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

Tribology, Wear, Biomedical Devices, Biomedical Implants, Erosion, Corrosion, Erosion-Corrosion, Mathematical Modelling, Nonlinear Optimization, Tribotest

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 1 | January-February 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-02-28
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 62-89
Manuscript Number : CSEIT17211
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

ISSN : 2456-3307

Cite This Article :

Francisco Casesnoves, Andrei Surzhenkov, "Mathematical Models in Mechanical and Biomedical Tribology with Computational Simulations/Optimization Methods", International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology (IJSRCSEIT), ISSN : 2456-3307, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp.62-89, January-February-2017.
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